Publications & Resources


  • Stephenson M (2007) Education, youth justice and social inclusion. Collumpton: Willan Publishing.

Research Articles

  • Bryan K, Freer J, Furlong C (2007) Language and communication difficulties in juvenile offenders. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders . Vol. 42 (5) pp 505-520.

  • Duffy, G (2008) The Elasticity of Rehabilitation. Paper presented to the British Society of Criminology Conference, Huddersfield, July 2008. Available at:   Accessed: 28.09.10.

  • Hurry J, Brazier L, Wilson A (2009) Improving the Literacy and Numeracy of Young Offenders. In Reder S M and J M Bynner (eds) Tracking Adult Literacy and Numeracy Skills: Findings from Longitudinal Research. London: Routledge.

  • Hayden, C (2008) Education, schooling and young offenders of secondary school age, Pastoral Care in Education, 26: 1, 23 — 31.

  • Hurry, J and Moriarty, V (2004) The National Evaluation Of The Youth Justice Board’s Education, Training And Employment Projects Available at:   Accessed: 5.07.10.

  • Lanskey, C (2010) Citizenship Education For Young People in Secure Institutions in England and Wales. Educação, Sociedade & Culturas, Vol. 30.

  • Loucks, N. (2006) No One Knows: Offenders with Learning Difficulties and Learning Disabilities. Review of prevalence and associated needs. London: Prison Reform Trust.

  • Ofsted (2010a) Transition through detention and custody. Arrangements for learning and skills for young people in custodial or secure settings. Available at:   Accessed: 04.09.10.

  • Snow P C, Powell M B (2008) Oral Language Competence, Social Skills and High-risk Boys: What are Juvenile Offenders Trying to Tell us? Children & Society. Volume 22 (1) pp 16–28.

  • YJB (2006) Barriers to Engagement in Education, Training and Employment. Available at:   Accessed: 10.12.08.

Evaluations and Programme Reports

  • Baker K, Jones S, Roberts C, Merrington S (2003) The Evaluation Of The Validity And Reliability Of The Youth Justice Board’s Assessment For Young Offenders. Findings from the first two years of the use of ASSET. Available at:     Accessed: 5.07.10.

  • Ecotec (2001) An Audit of Education Provision within the Juvenile Secure Estate. London: Youth Justice Board Publications.

  • Cooper K, Sutherland A, Roberts C (2007) Keeping Young People Engaged. Improving education, training and employment opportunities for serious and persistent young offenders. London: Youth Justice Board. Available at: Accessed: 1.10.2010.
  • HM Inspectorate of Probation (2009) Joint Inspection of YOTS: End of programme report 2003–2008. London: HMI Probation.

  • Nelson, J, Blenkinson S, & D Kerr (2001) Citizenship and Basic/Key Skills Programme for Young Offenders Research Summary. Slough: NFER.

  • The Scottish Government (2009) Young offender learning and skills workstream report

  • Youth Justice Board [YJB] (2005) Keeping Young People Engaged Year 2: Final Report. London: Youth Justice Board.


Government Legislation

Teaching Materials

  • Inside Information A resource pack for citizenship teaching in secure institutions for young people. Free to download at:

  • Smart Thinking. A social and moral reasoning group work programme for use with young offenders and young people at risk. The Citizenship Foundation. London: Russell House Publishing.